By December 16, 2013, the State Great Khural, or the Parliament of Mongolia, approved 25 independent laws, discussed and ratified a total of 106 draft amendments, four laws on agreement and treaty verification, 11 laws on annulment, as well as 69 resolutions of the State Great Khural.
The following are the key achievements of Parliament in 2013, in accordance with the Press, Media and Public Communications Department of the Parliament of Mongolia.
1. Strategies for recovering from economic challenges
In regards to the declining economic situation in Mongolia, Speaker of the Parliament Z.Enkhbold issued a resolution announcing an irregular session of Parliament on September 16, 2013, and initiated the discussion and eventual approval of the draft bills on investment and investment funds, as well as the law on bond markets on October 3, 2013. The enforcement of these laws created grounds for the recovery of the economy by creating a pleasant investment environment in Mongolia, providing tax sustainability, treating foreign and domestic investors equally, attracting the investment of entities, organizations and citizens, as well as creating a legal environment for the bond market.
2. Reforms in law enforcement and the justice system continued
Parliament approved the laws on the courts, police service, Takhar service and the laws on protecting victims and witnesses, and the law on legal assistance for the accused with no financial means for defense. The enforcement of these laws resulted in the restructuring of the courts into criminal, citizen and administrative arenas, changing the structure and objectives of law enforcement organizations, adapting to new conditions, and providing safety to witnesses and victims of crimes.
3. Law on monetary savings insurance adopted
During the plenary session meeting of January 10, 2013, the law on monetary savings insurance was adopted. The adoption of the law has played a significant role in increasing the trust of citizens in the banks, expanded the role of the financial broker, created a system to compensate the assets of consumers through a savings insurance fund in case of bankruptcy, decreased the possible financial risks to the state budget, and has the potential to enhance the sustainability of the banking sector for the long term.
4. Business environment promoted
Parliament exempted the customs taxes and value added tax of imported construction materials, including thin layered OSB board, assembled fabrics of wooden construction made in compliance with standards, agricultural projects such as the replanting of forests, gardening, as well as for imported wood, logs, lumber, equipment that is imported to produce products from oil, shale and coal, as well as construction materials for supporting and promoting the business environment.
Moreover, a decision was made to waive taxes for the new, imported trolleybuses and buses, which meet public transportation standards with more than 25 seats and capacity for over 45 passengers.
5. 2014 monetary policy determined
The Parliamentary resolutions on ground directions of the 2014 State Monetary Policy were approved and the state monetary policy was determined. The plenary session meeting of May 31, 2013, approved the law on combating money laundering and terrorism, and legal arrangements were made to combat and prevent crimes related to money laundering and terrorism, improve control systems, and adapt domestic laws and regulations to international treaties and conventions.
6. Socially significant laws and agreements approved
The law on addressing was approved on February 7. According to the law, addresses should be based on geographic sketches, should be approved by the cadastre registration, as well as meeting the administrational and local unit proportions.
Furthermore, a renewed version of the law on mental health was adopted. Accordingly, many issues have been resolved, such as the provision of the rights and security of citizens with mental health challenges, and diminishing the factors that negatively influence mental health. The contracts of Health Projects 4 and 5, implemented by the Asian Development Bank, were ratified.
7. Civil aviation policy approved and border point legal environment enhanced
Parliament has approved the documents on “State policy in the civil aviation sector through 2020”. By approving the policy, manageable standards for the numbers of international passengers and regional freight will be created, civil aviation companies will be able to compete at the international level, the number of flights will be increased, and freight rates will be decreased, allowing the intensive development of the trade and tourism sectors.
8. Corrupted budget frozen
Concerning the 2013 performance of the basic indicators of the macro economy, foreign and domestic economic conditions, the price of mineral resource exports and the shortage of mineral resources, Parliament made amendments to the 2013 budget laws of Mongolia.
A factual summary was made of the financial situation and state budget of Mongolia. In approving the laws on the 2014 State Budget, Parliament has frozen a total of 243 investment projects and events financed by state money, which had slowed down or had overrun budget expenses, in order to enhance the spending and concentration of the state budget, increase its benefits, and tighten up its controls and supervision.
The law on the 2014 State Budget was approved, estimating the annual expenditure amount of the 2014 state budget at 5.5 trillion MNT, the investment to be financed by the budget at 1.1 trillion MNT, and the capital to be accumulated in the State Sustainability Fund at 29.7 billion MNT.
9. Inter parliamentary relations expanded
Upon the invitation of the Speaker of Mongolian Parliament, Z.Enkhbold, prominent politicians and parliamentarians of foreign countries conducted official visits to Mongolia, including the Chairman of the Standing Committee of China’s National People’s Congress, Wu Bangguo; the Chairman of the Danish Parliament Folketinget, Mogens Lykketoft; the President of the Organization of Security and Co-operation in Europe Parliamentary Assembly, Riccardo Migliori; Marshal of the Senate of the Republic of Poland, Bogdan Borusewicz; Vice President of the German Bundestag, Eduard Oswald; the Speaker of Finland, Eero Heiniluoma; Speaker of the National Assembly of South Korea, Kang Chan-hee; and the Vice President of the Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic, Alena Gajdushkova. The Speaker of the Parliament paid an official visit to the United States, Canada, Turkey and also attended the 129th Inter Parliamentary Union Assembly.
10. International level conferences and forums held
Mongolia hosted the VII Ministerial Conference of the Community of Democracies, which ran from April 26 through 29. A total of 1,215 delegates from 104 countries gathered in Ulaanbaatar to attend the conference. Prime Minister of Thailand Yingluck Shinawatra and the 1991 Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, Chairperson and General Secretary of the National League for Democracy of Myanmar, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, also attended the VII Ministerial Conference of the Community of Democracies. The conference included thematic sessions on Harnessing Open Governance for Democracy and Supporting Democratic Transition, Education for Democracy, Emerging Democracies in Asia and the Arab World, Democracy and Millennium Development Goals, Corruption and Other Threats to Democracy, and Online Freedom.
Mongolia also organized a forum of Women Parliamentarians of Northeast Asian Countries. The event initiated by Mongolian women MPs, gathered women lawmakers from Russia, North Korea, South Korea and China. They shared views on the topics of “Role of women MPs in advancing peace and prosperity through education” and “Developing network of women MPs of Northeast Asia: World Womens’ Conference-2015″.
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