U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets: Mongolia

August 20 09:04 2013 Print This Article

Federal Information & News Dispatch  2013-08-19

More information about Mongolia is available on the
Mongolia Page and from other Department of State publications
and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.
The United States established diplomatic relations with
Mongolia in 1987. Located between Russia and China, Mongolia
describes the United States as one of its “third neighbors.”
Mongolia adopted democracy in 1990 and has since conducted six
presidential and six legislative elections. The United States
has sought to assist Mongolia’s market-oriented reforms and to
expand relations with Mongolia, primarily in the cultural and
economic fields. The two countries have signed a cultural
accord, a Peace Corps accord, and a consular convention. U.S.
and Mongolian legislators participate in exchange programs, in
which Mongolian and U.S. participants share information and
experiences about democracy and institutional reform. Mongolia
deployed troops to Iraq from 2003 through October 2008, and now
has approximately 350 troops in Afghanistan supporting
Coalition operations. There is increased interest in Mongolia
in learning English and in studying in the United States. A
government of Mongolia commitment in 2011 to provide up to
$600,000 annually for the Fulbright program allowed Mongolians
studying in the U.S. under that program to expand to about 16
new students annually.
U.S. Assistance to Mongolia
Mongolia’s economic growth rate is among the highest in
the world. Increased income for both the Mongolian government
and the private sector, primarily from mining, brings increased
opportunities for economic diversification, improvements in
education, infrastructure, and social programs. U.S. Government
assistance seeks to promote private-sector-led growth and long-
term capital investment, as well as other activities to aid the
Mongolian government in strengthening the implementation of its
laws, creating greater transparency and accountability, and
addressing corruption. Training and equipment provided by the
U.S. Government support the professionalization of Mongolia’s
defense forces and their continued support for United Nations
peacekeeping operations. Because of Mongolia’s long and highly
porous borders, U.S. assistance also aims to support non-
proliferation activities.
The U.S. Agency for International Development program and
the Peace Corps both have programs in Mongolia. The United
States and Mongolia implemented a Millennium Challenge Compact
between September 2008 and September 2013.
Bilateral Economic Relations
Over the past several years, the U.S.-Mongolia trade and
economic relationship has been developing steadily. In 2012
U.S. exports to Mongolia increased by 111 percent from $315
million in 2011 to $665 million, an upward trend closely
related to the development of Mongolia’s mining sector. Major
exports include passenger cars, excavating equipment, trucks
and buses, industrial machinery, civilian aircraft and parts,
telecommunications equipment, meat and poultry, and some
consumer items such as household appliances, pharmaceuticals,
cosmetics, apparel, music, and films. U.S. imports from
Mongolia include steelmaking and ferroalloying materials,
sulfur, non-metallic minerals, art and antiques, knit apparel,
and jewelry. The United States and Mongolia have signed a
Bilateral Trade Relations Agreement, Bilateral Investment
Treaty, and Trade and Investment Framework Agreement.
Mongolia’s Membership in International Organizations
Mongolia and the United States belong to a number of the
same international organizations, including the United Nations,
ASEAN Regional Forum, International Monetary Fund, World Bank,
and World Trade Organization. Mongolia also is a participating
state in the Organization for Security and Cooperation in
Europe. From 2011 to 2013, Mongolia was the president of the
Community of Democracies, a group of democratic nations focused
on strengthening democratic institutions globally.
Bilateral Representation
The U.S. Ambassador to Mongolia is Piper Anne Wind
Mongolia maintains an embassy in the United States at 2833
M Street, NW, Washington, DC, 20007; tel. (202) 333-7117.
More information about Mongolia is available from the
Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed
Department of State Mongolia Country Page
Department of State Key Officers List
CIA World Factbook Mongolia Page
U.S. Embassy: Mongolia
USAID Mongolia Page
History of U.S. Relations with Mongolia
Human Rights Reports
International Religious Freedom Reports
Trafficking in Persons Reports
Narcotics Control Reports
Office of the U.S. Trade Representative Countries Page
U.S. Census Bureau Foreign Trade Statistics
Export.gov International Offices Page
Millennium Challenge Corporation
Library of Congress Country Studies
Travel and Business Information

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Saranchimeg Enkhee
Saranchimeg Enkhee

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